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【中国高职高专教育网】部门联动 推进职业教育提质培优增值赋能——教育部职业教育与成人教育司负责人就《职业教育提质培优行动计划(2020—2023年)》答记者问

日期:2020-10-09 返回

riqian,jiaoyubu、guojiafazhangaigewei、gongyehexinxihuabu、caizhengbu、renliziyuanshehuibaozhangbu、nongyenongcunbu、guowuyuanguoziwei、guojiashuiwuzongju、guowuyuanfupinbandengjiugeguowuyuanzhiyejiaoyugongzuobujilianxihuiyichengyuandanweilianheyinfa《zhiyejiaoyutizhipeiyouxingdongjihua(2020—2023nian)》(yixiajiancheng《xingdongjihua》),jiaoyubuzhiyejiaoyuyuchengrenjiaoyusifuzerenjiu《xingdongjihua》huidalejizhetiwen。

1.qingjieshaoyixia《xingdongjihua》chutaidebeijingshishenme?

da:dangzhongyang、guowuyuangaoduzhongshizhiyejiaoyufazhan,chutai《guojiazhiyejiaoyugaigeshishifangan》(jiancheng“zhijiao20tiao”),mingquelebanhaoxinshidaizhiyejiaoyudeshigongtu,zhiyejiaoyudagaigedafazhandegejujibenxingcheng,jinrupapoguokan、tizhipeiyoudelishiguanjianqi。《xingdongjihua》jujiaozhongdian、shutongdudian、pojienandian,jiang“zhijiao20tiao”bushudegaigerenwuzhuanhuaweijucuohexingdong,tuidongzhongyang、difanghexuexiaotongxiangtongxing,xingchengyindizhiyi、bixueganchaodegongzuogeju,zhengtituijinzhiyejiaoyutizhipeiyou。

2.qingwen《xingdongjihua》dezongtisilushishenme?

da:《xingdongjihua》weiraobanhaogongpingyouzhiliang、leixingtesetuchudezhiyejiaoyu,yitizhipeiyou、zengzhifunengweizhuxian,jianchiwentidaoxiang、xuqiudaoxiang、mubiaodaoxiang,zhelibuduanban、jihuoli、tizhiliang。tongguojiakuaitixijianshe、shenhuatizhijizhigaige、jiaqiangneihanjianshe,xitongjiejuezhiyejiaoyuxiyinlibuqiang、zhiliangbugaodewenti;tongguogoujian“guojiahongguanguanli、shengjitongchoubaozhang、xuexiaozizhushishi”guanlijizhi,yindaodifangxuexiaocong“zenmekan”zhuanxiang“zenmegan”,zhuanzhineng、tixiaoneng,jifadifanghexuexiaogaigehuoli。

3.qingwen《xingdongjihua》bushulenaxiezhongdianrenwu?

da:《xingdongjihua》guihuashejile10xiangrenwu,27tiaojucuo。yifangmian,jiaqiangdingcengsheji,duiluoshilideshurengenbenrenwu、tuijinzhiyejiaoyuxiediaofazhan、wanshanfuwuquanminzhongshenxuexidezhidutixi、shenhuazhiyejiaoyuchanjiaoronghexiaoqihezuo、jianquanzhiyejiaoyukaoshizhaoshengzhidudengjinxingbushu。lingyifangmian,jujiaoguanjiangaige,shishizhiyejiaoyuzhilinenglitishengxingdong、“sanjiao”gaigegongjianxingdong、xinxihua2.0jianshexingdong、fuwuguojichannenghezuoxingdong、chuangxinfazhangaodijianshexingdongdeng5xiangxingdong。wenjianfubiaoxihuale56gezhongdianxiangmu,guowuyuanzhiyejiaoyugongzuobujilianxihuiyigechengyuandanweifentoutuijin,gediziyuanchengjie,jianlijixiaoguanlipingtai,jiansheqimanguojiagenjujianshechengxiaojinxingrending。

4.qingwen《xingdongjihua》zailuoshi“lideshuren”genbenrenwufangmiantichulenaxiejutijucuo?

da:《xingdongjihua》tichujinyibuchuangxinsixiangzhengzhijiaoyumoshi,jiangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanrongrurencaipeiyangquanguocheng。yishituidongxijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangjinjiaocaijinketangjintounao,tuijinlixiangxinnianjiaoyuchangtaihua、zhiduhua,jiakuaigoujianzhongguotesezhiyejiaoyudesixiangtixi、huayutixi、zhengcetixiheshijiantixi。ershiluoshiquanyuanquanguochengquanfangweiyuren,jiaoyuyindaoqingnianxueshengzengqiangaidangaiguoyishi,tingdanghua、gendangzou,zaizhiyexuexiaolinxuanrendingyipi“sanquanyuren”dianxingxuexiao、mingbanzhurengongzuoshihedeyuteseanli。sanshijiaqiangzhongzhixuexiaosixiangzhengzhi、yuwen、lishihegaozhixuexiaosixiangzhengzhililunkekechengjianshe,kaizukaiqikaihaosizhengbixiukecheng;jiadazhuanzhisizhengkejiaoshipeibeilidu,jiansheyipisizhengkejiaoshiyanxiujidi,kaizhandeyuguganguanlirenyuan、sizhengkezhuanrenjiaoshipeixun,tongguolinxuanyipisizhengkejiaoxuechuangxintuandui、shifanketanghekechengsizhengjiaoyuanli,tuidongzhiyexuexiaosixiangzhengzhijiaoyumoshichuangxin。

5.qingwen《xingdongjihua》zaijianquanzhiyejiaoyuxuexiaotixifangmianyounaxiejutijucuo?

da:《xingdongjihua》tichujinyibumingquegecengcizhiyejiaoyubanxuedingweihefazhanzhongdian,xitongsheji、zhengtituijinzhongguotesexiandaizhiyejiaoyutixijianshe。yishiqianghuazhongzhijiaoyudejichuxingzuoyong,baochigaozhongjieduanjiaoyuzhipubidatixiangdang,youhuazhongzhixuexiaobuju,shijuedaduoshuchengxiangxinzenglaodonglijieshougaozhongjieduanjiaoyu。ershigongguzhuankegaozhijiaoyudezhutidiwei,youhuagaodengjiaoyujiegou,peiyangdaguogongjiang、nenggongqiaojiang,shusongquyufazhanjixudegaosuzhijishujinengrencai。sanshiwenbufazhangaocengcizhiyejiaoyu,bafazhanbenkezhiyejiaoyuzuoweiwanshanxiandaizhiyejiaoyutixideguanjianyihuan,peiyanggaosuzhichuangxinxingjishujinengrencai;genjuchanyexuyaohexingyetedian,fazhanzhuanyexueweiyanjiushengpeiyangmoshi,shidukuodazhuanyexueweishuoshi、boshipeiyangguimo。

6.qingwen《xingdongjihua》zaifuwuquanminzhongshenxuexifangmianshejilenaxiejutijucuo?

da:《xingdongjihua》tichuchongfenfahuizhiyejiaoyufuwuquanminzhongshenxuexidezhongyaozuoyong,tuijinguojiazilikuangjiajianshe,jianligejigeleijiaoyupeixunxuexichengguorending、jileihezhuanhuanjizhi,zhongdiankaizhansanxianggongzuo:yishijianquanfuwuquanminzhongshenxuexidezhiyejiaoyuzhidu,jiakuaijianshezhiyejiaoyuguojia“xuefenyinxing”。ershiluoshizhiyexuexiaobingjushishixuelijiaoyuyupeixundefadingzhize,zhichizhiyexuexiaochengdangengduopeixunrenwu,tuidonggengduozhiyexuexiaocanyu1+xzhengshuzhidushishi,yindaozhiyexuexiaohelongtouqiyelianhejiansheyipishifanxingzhigongpeixunjidi。sanshiqianghuazhiyexuexiaodejixujiaoyugongneng,shishi“zhiyejiaoyufuwuzhongshenxuexizhiliangtishengxingdong”,linxuanrendingyipishifanxingjixujiaoyujidi、youzhijixujiaoyuwangluokecheng、shequjiaoyushifanjidihelaoniandaxueshifanxiao。

7.qingwen《xingdongjihua》zaishenhuachanjiaoronghexiaoqihezuofangmianguihualenaxiezhongdianrenwu?

da:《xingdongjihua》tichugongguzhiyejiaoyuchanjiaoronghe、xiaoqihezuodebanxuemoshi。yishijianlichanyerencaishujupingtai,fabuchanyerencaixuqiubaogao,yanzhizhiyejiaoyuchanjiaoduijiepuxitu,zhidaoyouhuazhiyexuexiaohezhuanyebuju,cujinrencaipeiyanghechanyexuqiujingzhunduijie。ershijianhaoyonghaoxingyezhiyejiaoyujiaoxuezhidaoweiyuanhui,quanmiantuixingxiandaixuetuzhiheqiyexinxingxuetuzhi,jianlifugaizhuyaozhuanyelingyudejiaoshiqiyeshijianliudongzhan、shitihuayunxingdeshifanxingzhijiaojituan(lianmeng)hejigongjiaoyujituan(lianmeng),jiansheyipijuyoufusheyinlingzuoyongdegaoshuipingzhuanyehuachanjiaorongheshixunjidi,shenhuaxiaoqihezuoxietongyuren。sanshizhichixingyezuzhijijicanyuchanjiaoronghejiansheshidianxiangmu,gulidifangkaizhanhunhesuoyouzhi、gufenzhibanxuegaigeshidian,tuidonggedijianlijianquanshengjichanjiaoronghexingqiyerenzhengzhidu, jianquanyiqiyeweizhongyaozhudao、zhiyexuexiaoweizhongyaozhicheng、chanyeguanjianhexinjishugongguanweizhongxinrenwudechanjiaoronghechuangxinjizhi。

8.qingwen《xingdongjihua》zaizhiyejiaoyukaoshizhaoshengfangmianjiangtuijinnaxiegaige?

da:《xingdongjihua》tichushenhuazhiyejiaoyukaoshizhaoshenggaige,yindaobutongjieduanjiaoyuxiediaofazhan、helifenliu,weixueshengjieshougaodengzhiyejiaoyutigongduozhongruxuefangshi。yishijianquanshengjitongchoudegaozhifenleikaoshizhaoshengzhidu,wanshangaozhijiaoyuzhaoshengjihuafenpeihekaoshizhaoshengbanfa,baoliugaozhixuexiaokaoshitongguoputonggaokaodequdao,baochifenleikaoshizhaoshengweigaozhixuexiaozhaoshengdezhuqudao。ershiguifanzhiyejiaoyukaoshizhaoshengxingshi,tuidonggedijiangjigongxuexiaonaruzhiyejiaoyutongyizhaoshengpingtai,zhubuquxiaoxianxingdezhuceruxuezhaoshenghezhongzhibenkeguantong,shidukuodazhongzhizhuankeguantong,yangezhixingjinengbajianrencaimianshiruxuetiaojian。sanshiwanshan“wenhuasuzhi+zhiyejineng”pingjiafangshi,zhiyejinengceshifenzhibudiyuzongfenzhide50%,kaoshixingshiyicaozuokaoshiweizhu,xuchongfentixiangangweijineng、tongyongjishudengneirong;zhichiyoutiaojiandeshengfenjianlizhongzhixueshengxueyeshuipingceshizhidu,guligaozhixuexiaoyuchanjiaoronghexingqiyelianhezhaosheng。

9.qingwen《xingdongjihua》zaitishengzhiyejiaoyuzhilinenglifangmiantichulenaxiejuticuoshi?

da:《xingdongjihua》tichujiakuaituijinzhiyejiaoyuzhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua,zhongdiankaizhansanxianggongzuo:yishijianquanzhiyejiaoyubiaozhuntixi,fencengfenlei、xitongxianjiedigoujianzhiyejiaoyuxuexiaobiaozhunhezhuanyebiaozhun,jiehezhiyejiaoyutedianwanshanxueweizhidu,wanshangeleibiaozhundedongtaigengxinhezhixingqingkuangjianchajizhi。ershiwanshanbanxuezhiliangjianguanpingjiajizhi,zhidingzhiyexuexiaobanxuezhiliangkaohebanfa,jianlijinengchoucha、shixibaogao、biyeshejichoujiandengsuijixingjianchazhidu;shenrutuijinzhiyexuexiaojiaoxuegongzuozhenduanyugaijinzhidujianshe,qieshifahuixuexiaozhiliangbaozhengzhutizuoyong。sanshidazaogaosuzhizhuanyehuaguanliduiwu,luoshihekuodazhiyexuexiaobanxuezizhuquan,jianquanwanshanzhichengpingpin、fenpeizhidudengbanfa,jiaqiangzhiyexuexiaoxiaozhangheguanliganbupeixun,zaojiuyizhizhengzhiguoying、pindegaoshang、yewujingzhan、zhixiaoyoufangdeguanliduiwu。

10.qingwen《xingdongjihua》zaishenhuazhiyejiaoyu“sanjiao”gaigefangmianyounaxiejutijucuo?

da:《xingdongjihua》tichuxitongtuijinzhiyejiaoyu“sanjiao”gaige。yishitishengjiaoshi“shuangshi”suzhi,shishixinyizhouqi“quanguozhiyeyuanxiaojiaoshisuzhitigaojihua”,luoshi5nianyilundejiaoshiquanyuanpeixunzhidu;gaigezhiyexuexiaozhuanyejiaoshijinshenghepingjiajizhi,pochu“wuwei”qingxiang,wanshanzhiyexuexiaozizhupinrenjianzhijiaoshidebanfa,gaigewanshanzhiyexuexiaojixiaogongzizhengce,yunxuzhuanyejiaoshianguojiaguidingzaixiaoqihezuoqiyejianzhiquchou。ershijiaqiangzhiyejiaoyujiaocaijianshe,shixingjiaocaifencengguihuazhidu,jianquanjiaocaifenleishenhe、chouchahetuichuzhidu,cujinjiaocaizhiliangzhengtitisheng。sanshitishengzhiyejiaoyuzhuanyehekechengjiaoxuezhiliang,heliguihuayindaozhuanyeshezhi,jianlituichujizhi;jianlizhiyexuexiaorencaipeiyangfangangongkaizhidu,jiangkechengjiaoxuegaigetuixiangzongshen;wanshanyixuexizheweizhongxindezhuanyehekechengjiaoxuepingjiatixi,qianghuashixishixunkaohepingjia,gulijiaoshituanduitansuofengongxiezuodemokuaihuajiaoxuezuzhifangshi,youxiaotishengzhiyejiaoyukechengjiaoxuezhiliang。

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