首页 > 职教视界 > 正文

【中国高职高专教育网】职业教育进入提质培优新阶段

日期:2020-10-03 返回

1601425909663_1.png

jintian,youjiaoyubudengjiubumenyinfade《zhiyejiaoyutizhipeiyouxingdongjihua(2020—2023nian)》(yixiajiancheng《xingdongjihua》),zhengshifabu。zheibiaozhizhewoguozhiyejiaoyuzhengzaicong“zenmekan”zhuanxiang“zenmegan”detizhipeiyou、zengzhifunengxinshidai,yeyiweizhezhiyejiaoyucong“dayoukewei”deqidaikaishizhuanxiang“dayouzuowei”deshijianjieduan。

weirao《xingdongjihua》jiangruhezaizhiyejiaoyutizhipeiyou、zengzhifunengshangfali,jiaoyubuzhiyejiaoyuyuchengrenjiaoyusifuzerenzuoleshenrujiedu。

tuchuwentidaoxiang,litupojiezhiyejiaoyutongdianwenti

jinnianlai,dangzhongyang、guowuyuangaoduzhongshizhiyejiaoyufazhan。《guojiazhiyejiaoyugaigeshishifangan》(jiancheng“zhijiao20tiao”)mingquelebanhaoxinshidaizhiyejiaoyudeshigongtu,xuangaozhiyejiaoyudagaigedafazhandegejujibenxingcheng,zhiyejiaoyuyoucijinrupapoguokan、tizhipeiyoudelishiguanjianqi。

“《xingdongjihua》deyanzhi,zhuyaokaolvle3ge‘tuchu’——quanmianshuli‘zhijiao20tiao’he《jiakuaituijinjiaoyuxiandaihuashishifangan(2018—2022nian)》derenwumubiao,tuchuwentidaoxiang;jinyibushifang‘zhijiao20tiao’zhengcehongli,tuchugaigeluodi;tuchuguanlichuangxin,goujian‘guojiahongguanguanli、shengjitongchoubaozhang、xuexiaozizhushishi’guanlijizhi,zhuanzhineng、tixiaoneng。”jiaoyubuzhiyejiaoyuyuchengrenjiaoyusifuzerenshuo,《xingdongjihua》jujiaozhongdian、shutongdudian、pojienandian,jiang“zhijiao20tiao”bushudegaigerenwuzhuanhuaweijucuohexingdong,tuidongzhongyang、difanghexuexiaotongxiangtongxing,xingchengyindizhiyi、bixueganchaodegongzuogeju,zhengtituijinzhiyejiaoyutizhipeiyou。

duizhengxiayao,shizheifen“xingdongditu”deyigexianzhutezheng。gaifuzerenbiaoshi,zaizongtisilushang,《xingdongjihua》weiraobanhaogongpingyouzhiliang、leixingtesetuchudezhiyejiaoyu,yitizhipeiyou、zengzhifunengweizhuxian,jianchiwentidaoxiang、xuqiudaoxiang、mubiaodaoxiang,zhelibuduanban、jihuoli、tizhiliang。tongguojiakuaitixijianshe、shenhuatizhijizhigaige、jiaqiangneihanjianshe,xitongjiejuezhiyejiaoyuxiyinlibuqiang、zhiliangbugaodewenti;tongguogoujian“guojiahongguanguanli、shengjitongchoubaozhang、xuexiaozizhushishi”guanlijizhi,yindaodifangxuexiaocong“zenmekan”zhuanxiang“zenmegan”,zhuanzhineng、tixiaoneng,jifadifanghexuexiaogaigehuoli。

tuchugaigeluodi,10xiangrenwu27tiaojucuojujiaoguanjiangaige

zhelibayiyoudezhengcetupoyonghao、yongzu,zhelibazhengzaituijindegaigerenwuluoshi、luodi,xianggaige“zuihouyigongli”yaoxiaoyi,shi《xingdongjihua》deyouyigexianmingtezheng。jujiaoyubuzhiyejiaoyuyuchengrenjiaoyusifuzerenjieshao,congzhiyejiaoyu“xiahaoyipandaqi”chufa,《xingdongjihua》guihuashejile10xiangrenwu、27tiaojucuo。

weilecujingaigeluoshi、luodi、luoxi,yifangmian,《xingdongjihua》jiaqiangdingcengsheji,duiluoshilideshurengenbenrenwu、tuijinzhiyejiaoyuxiediaofazhan、wanshanfuwuquanminzhongshenxuexidezhidutixi、shenhuazhiyejiaoyuchanjiaoronghexiaoqihezuo、jianquanzhiyejiaoyukaoshizhaoshengzhidudengjinxingbushu。lingyifangmian,jujiaoguanjiangaige,shishizhiyejiaoyuzhilinenglitishengxingdong、“sanjiao”gaigegongjianxingdong、xinxihua2.0jianshexingdong、fuwuguojichannenghezuoxingdong、chuangxinfazhangaodijianshexingdongdeng5xiangxingdong。

ciwai,zaijizhishejishang,wenjianfubiaohaixihuale56gezhongdianxiangmu,guowuyuanzhiyejiaoyugongzuobujilianxihuiyigechengyuandanweifentoutuijin,gediziyuanchengjie,jianlijixiaoguanlipingtai,jiansheqimanguojiagenjujianshechengxiaojinxingrending。

zailuoshilideshurengenbenrenwufangmian,《xingdongjihua》tichu,jinyibuchuangxinsixiangzhengzhijiaoyumoshi,jiangshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanrongrurencaipeiyangquanguocheng。

gaifuzerenshuo,jutiyou3xiangjucuo:yishituidongxijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangjinjiaocaijinketangjintounao,tuijinlixiangxinnianjiaoyuchangtaihua、zhiduhua,jiakuaigoujianzhongguotesezhiyejiaoyudesixiangtixi、huayutixi、zhengcetixiheshijiantixi。ershiluoshiquanyuanquanguochengquanfangweiyuren,jiaoyuyindaoqingnianxueshengzengqiangaidangaiguoyishi,tingdanghua、gendangzou,zaizhiyexuexiaolinxuanrendingyipi“sanquanyuren”dianxingxuexiao、mingbanzhurengongzuoshihedeyuteseanli。sanshijiaqiangzhongzhixuexiaosixiangzhengzhi、yuwen、lishihegaozhixuexiaosixiangzhengzhililunkekechengjianshe,kaizukaiqikaihaosizhengbixiukecheng;jiadazhuanzhisizhengkejiaoshipeibeilidu,jiansheyipisizhengkejiaoshiyanxiujidi,kaizhandeyuguganguanlirenyuan、sizhengkezhuanrenjiaoshipeixun,tongguolinxuanyipisizhengkejiaoxuechuangxintuandui、shifanketanghekechengsizhengjiaoyuanli,tuidongzhiyexuexiaosixiangzhengzhijiaoyumoshichuangxin。

jujiaotishengzhiliang,shenhuachanjiaoronghehegaosuzhirencaipeiyangmoshigaige

zhiyejiaoyuyaofuwugaozhiliangfazhan、cujingaoshuipingjiuye,libukaiquanmiantigaorencaipeiyangzhiliang。

jujiaoyubuzhiyejiaoyuyuchengrenjiaoyusifuzerenjieshao,zaiyurenjizhichuangxinfangmian,《xingdongjihua》yeduishenhuachanjiaoronghehetuidongkaoshizhaoshenggaigezuolexiangyingdezhiduanpai。

jiushenhuachanjiaoronghe、tuijinxiaoqihezuo,《xingdongjihua》tichu,gongguzhiyejiaoyuchanjiaoronghe、xiaoqihezuodebanxuemoshi。yishijianlichanyerencaishujupingtai,fabuchanyerencaixuqiubaogao,yanzhizhiyejiaoyuchanjiaoduijiepuxitu,zhidaoyouhuazhiyexuexiaohezhuanyebuju,cujinrencaipeiyanghechanyexuqiujingzhunduijie。ershijianhaoyonghaoxingyezhiyejiaoyujiaoxuezhidaoweiyuanhui,quanmiantuixingxiandaixuetuzhiheqiyexinxingxuetuzhi,jianlifugaizhuyaozhuanyelingyudejiaoshiqiyeshijianliudongzhan、shitihuayunxingdeshifanxingzhijiaojituan(lianmeng)hejigongjiaoyujituan(lianmeng),jiansheyipijuyoufusheyinlingzuoyongdegaoshuipingzhuanyehuachanjiaorongheshixunjidi,shenhuaxiaoqihezuoxietongyuren。sanshizhichixingyezuzhijijicanyuchanjiaoronghejiansheshidianxiangmu,gulidifangkaizhanhunhesuoyouzhi、gufenzhibanxuegaigeshidian,tuidonggedijianlijianquanshengjichanjiaoronghexingqiyerenzhengzhidu,jianquanyiqiyeweizhongyaozhudao、zhiyexuexiaoweizhongyaozhicheng、chanyeguanjianhexinjishugongguanweizhongxinrenwudechanjiaoronghechuangxinjizhi。

zhiyejiaoyukaoshizhaoshenggaige,yizhishishehuipubianguanzhudewenti。weici,《xingdongjihua》tichule3xianggaige,yindaobutongjieduanjiaoyuxiediaofazhan、helifenliu,weixueshengjieshougaodengzhiyejiaoyutigongduozhongruxuefangshi。

jutieryan,yishijianquanshengjitongchoudegaozhifenleikaoshizhaoshengzhidu,wanshangaozhijiaoyuzhaoshengjihuafenpeihekaoshizhaoshengbanfa,baoliugaozhixuexiaokaoshitongguoputonggaokaodequdao,baochifenleikaoshizhaoshengweigaozhixuexiaozhaoshengdezhuqudao。ershiguifanzhiyejiaoyukaoshizhaoshengxingshi,tuidonggedijiangjigongxuexiaonaruzhiyejiaoyutongyizhaoshengpingtai,zhubuquxiaoxianxingdezhuceruxuezhaoshenghezhongzhibenkeguantong,shidukuodazhongzhizhuankeguantong,yangezhixingjinengbajianrencaimianshiruxuetiaojian。sanshiwanshan“wenhuasuzhi+zhiyejineng”pingjiafangshi,zhiyejinengceshifenzhibudiyuzongfenzhide50%,kaoshixingshiyicaozuokaoshiweizhu,xuchongfentixiangangweijineng、tongyongjishudengneirong;zhichiyoutiaojiandeshengfenjianlizhongzhixueshengxueyeshuipingceshizhidu,guligaozhixuexiaoyuchanjiaoronghexingqiyelianhezhaosheng。

jiushizi、jiaocaihekechengjianshedengshiguanjiaoyuzhiliangtishengdeguanjianyaosu,《xingdongjihua》tichu,yaoxitongtuijinzhiyejiaoyu“sanjiao”gaige:yishitishengjiaoshi“shuangshi”suzhi,ershijiaqiangzhiyejiaoyujiaocaijianshe,sanshitishengzhiyejiaoyuzhuanyehekechengjiaoxuezhiliang。

tuchuguanlichuangxin,jinyibutigaozhiyejiaoyutixixiaoneng

zhelibuduanban、jihuoli、tizhiliang,shi《xingdongjihua》deguanjianci。eryaoshixianzheixiegaigemubiao,tongguoguanlichuangxinlaituidongtixichuangxin,shibiyouzhilu。

jujiaoyubuzhiyejiaoyuyuchengrenjiaoyusifuzerenjieshao,zaijianquanzhiyejiaoyuxuexiaotixifangmian,《xingdongjihua》tichuyaojinyibumingquegecengcizhiyejiaoyubanxuedingweihefazhanzhongdian,xitongsheji、zhengtituijinzhongguotesexiandaizhiyejiaoyutixijianshe。

《xingdongjihua》haitichule3xiangjutijucuo:yishiqianghuazhongzhijiaoyudejichuxingzuoyong,baochigaozhongjieduanjiaoyuzhipubidatixiangdang,youhuazhongzhixuexiaobuju,shijuedaduoshuchengxiangxinzenglaodonglijieshougaozhongjieduanjiaoyu。ershigongguzhuankegaozhijiaoyudezhutidiwei,youhuagaodengjiaoyujiegou,peiyangdaguogongjiang、nenggongqiaojiang,shusongquyufazhanjixudegaosuzhijishujinengrencai。sanshiwenbufazhangaocengcizhiyejiaoyu,bafazhanbenkezhiyejiaoyuzuoweiwanshanxiandaizhiyejiaoyutixideguanjianyihuan,peiyanggaosuzhichuangxinxingjishujinengrencai;genjuchanyexuyaohexingyetedian,fazhanzhuanyexueweiyanjiushengpeiyangmoshi,shidukuodazhuanyexueweishuoshi、boshipeiyangguimo。

《xingdongjihua》zaifuwuquanminzhongshenxuexifangmian,tichuyaochongfenfahuizhiyejiaoyufuwuquanminzhongshenxuexidezhongyaozuoyong,tuijinguojiazilikuangjiajianshe,jianligejigeleijiaoyupeixunxuexichengguorending、jileihezhuanhuanjizhi。jiuruheshixianzheiyangdemubiao,《xingdongjihua》zhongdianguihuale3xianggongzuo:yishijianquanfuwuquanminzhongshenxuexidezhiyejiaoyuzhidu,ershituidongxuelijiaoyuyuzhiyepeixunbingjubingzhong,sanshiqianghuazhiyexuexiaodejixujiaoyugongneng。

zaihaodezhidu,yexuyaoyouxiaodezhilinenglizuozhicheng。《xingdongjihua》zaitishengzhiyejiaoyuzhilinenglifangmiantichu,yaojiakuaituijinzhiyejiaoyuzhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua。

该负责人表示,今后,将重点开展3项工作:一是健全职业教育标准体系,分层分类、系统衔接地构建职业教育学校标准和专业标准,结合职业教育特点完善学位制度,完善各类标准的动态更新和执行情况检查机制。二是完善办学质量监管评价机制,制定职业学校办学质量考核办法,建立技能抽查、实习报告、毕业设计抽检等随机性检查制度;深入推进职业学校教学工作诊断与改进制度建设,切实发挥学校质量保证主体作用。三是打造高素质专业化管理队伍,落实和扩大职业学校办学自主权,健全完善职称评聘、分配制度等办法,加强职业学校校长和管理干部培训,造就一支政治过硬、品德高尚、业务精湛、治校有方的管理队伍。(记者:柯进

关闭